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Workspace templates
Beta

7 min read

Learn how to write a template for creating workspaces.

As of Coder version 1.19, only workspace templates version 0.2 is

supported. To update your workspace, you must update your templates to version 0.2.

Workspaces as code (WAC) allows you to define and create new workspaces using workspace templates.

Workspace templates are written as YAML and have a .yaml or .yml extension. Coder looks for your workspace template at the following path:

<repository-root>/.coder/<template-name>.yaml

Template Location

Workspace template sample

The following is a sample workspace template that makes use of all available fields. Depending on your use case, you may not need all of the options available.

Note that the fields are case-sensitive.

For detailed information on the fields available, see the subsequent sections of this article.

version: 0.2
workspace:
  # Type indicates the provider type to use when building the workspace.
  # It corresponds to the `kubernetes` section under `specs`.
  type: kubernetes
  specs:
    kubernetes:
      image: 
        value: index.docker.io/ubuntu:18.04
      container-based-vm:
        value: true
      cpu:
        value: 4
      memory:
        value: 16
      disk:
        value: 128
      gpu-count:
        value: 1
      labels:
        value:
          com.coder.custom.hello: "hello"
          com.coder.custom.world: "world"
  configure:
    start:
      value:
        - name: "install curl"
          command: |
            apt update
            apt install -y curl
        - name: "Create organization directory"
          command: "mkdir -p /home/coder/go/src/github.com/my-org"
          # Be careful with keyscans like this!
        - name: "Add GitHub to known hosts"
          command: "sudo ssh-keyscan -H github.com >> /home/coder/.ssh/known_hosts"
        - name: "Clone Git Project"
          command: "git clone [email protected]:my-org/my-project.git"
          continue-on-error: true
          directory: /home/coder/go/src/github.com/my-org
        - name: "install Go binary"
          command: "go install"
          directory: /home/coder/go/src/github.com/my-org/my-project
          shell: "bash"
          continue-on-error: true
          env:
            GOPATH: /home/coder/go
            
  dev-urls:
    value:
      - name: MyWebsite
        port: 3000
        scheme: http
        access: private
      - name: PublicPort
        port: 8080
        scheme: https
        access: public
      - name: OrgWebsite
        port: 3001
        scheme: http
        access: org
      - name: AuthedSite
        port: 8081
        scheme: https
        access: authed

Workspace template fields

version

The version number of the config file being used. The currently supported version is 0.2.

workspace

Required. The section containing all configuration information related to the workspace.

workspace.type

Required. Determines the type of workspace to be created. Currently, the only accepted value is kubernetes.

workspace.specs

Required. This section contains configuration information specific to the workspace.type.

workspace.specs.kubernetes

This section contains all the properties related to a kubernetes workspace.

workspace.specs.kubernetes.image.value

Required. The image to use for the workspace. The image should include the registry and (optionally) the tag, e.g., docker.io/ubuntu:18.04. If you omit the tag, Coder uses the default value of latest.

You must have imported the image into Coder, otherwise, the workspace will fail to build.

workspace.specs.kubernetes.labels.value

The Kubernetes labels to be added to the workspace pod.

labels:
  value:
    com.coder.custom.hello: hello
    com.coder.custom.world: world

workspace.specs.kubernetes.gpu-count.value

The number of GPUs to allocate to the workspace.

workspace.specs.kubernetes.container-based-vm.value

Determines whether the workspace should be created as a container-based virtual machine (CVM). Default is false.

workspace.specs.kubernetes.cpu.value

Required. The number of cores to allocate to the workspace.

workspace.specs.kubernetes.memory.value

Required. The amount of memory (in GB) to allocate to the workspace.

workspace.specs.kubernetes.disk.value

Required. The amount of disk space (in GB) to allocate to the workspace.

workspace.configure

This section lists the commands that run within the workspace after Coder builds the workspace. See Configure for more information.

workspace.configure.start.value

The list of commands to run when Coder starts a workspace.

workspace.configure.start.value[*].command

Required. Runs the provided command within the workspace (Coder supports the use of both single-line and multi-line commands).

  • Single-line command:

    - name: Install curl
      command: apt install -y curl
    
  • Multi-line command:

    - name: Update and install curl
      command: |
        apt update
        apt install -y curl
    

workspace.configure.start.value[*].name

The name of the command being run.

workspace.configure.start.value[*].shell

The shell Coder should use to run the command.

start:
  - name: First step
    shell: /bin/bash

workspace.configure.start.value[*].directory

The working directory from which Coder should run the command.

start:
  - name: First step
    directory: /home/coder

workspace.configure.start.value[*].continue-on-error

Any step that returns a non-zero exit code will fail. By default, a failure prevents the subsequent steps from executing. If you would like to change this behavior, this field (which accepts a Boolean value) will allow a step to fail and not half subsequent steps.

workspace.configure.start.value[*].env

The map of environment variables to set for the command.

start:
  - name: First step
    env:
      HOME: /home/coder
      GOPATH: /home/coder/go

workspace.dev-urls.value

This list allows you to provision dev URLs using the workspaces as code configuration file. The dev URLs will be provisioned in addition to any dev URLs you create.

dev-urls:
  value:
    - name: PublicPort
      port: 8080
      scheme: https
      access: public
    - name: PrivatePort
      port: 8000
      scheme: https
      access: private

workspace.dev-urls.value[*].name

The name of the dev URL to be created.

workspace.dev-urls.value[*].port

The workspace port that the dev URL exposes.

workspace.dev-urls.value[*].scheme

The URL scheme (protocol) to use (i.e., http or https).

workspace.dev-urls.value[*].access

The permission level of the dev URL:

  • private: Can only be accessed by the owner of the workspace
  • org: Can be accessed by all members of the organization to which the workspace belongs
  • authed: Can be accessed by all users on the Coder deployment
  • public: Can be accessed by anyone on the internet

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