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Management

Before users can create a CVM-enabled workspace, a site manager must enable CVMs. To do so:

  1. Go to Manage > Admin > Infrastructure.
  2. Toggle the Enable Container-Based Virtual Machines option to Enable.

Customization

Once you've enabled CVMs, you can customize the behavior of your deployment and workspaces.

CVM Settings

These settings will apply to workspaces after they have been rebuilt.

Default workspaces to CVMs

Once you've enabled CVMs, you can control whether all new workspaces should be built as a CVM or not.

If you would like all newly created workspaces to be CVMs, toggle Default to container-based virtual machines to On.

While this toggle changes the default workspace creation setting, users can still override this setting. For example, if you enable CVMS and set them as the default, a user can still create non-CVM workspaces (and vice versa).

Caching

To improve the startup time for CVM-based workspaces, you can enable caching.

Cached CVMs require the shiftfs kernel to be present on the node. Some distributions (such as Ubuntu) include shiftfs. If you're unsure if shiftfs is present on your nodes, you can check by running modinfo shiftfs. If no output is returned, you do not have shiftfs installed.

If you don't want to install shiftfs yourself, you can have Coder install the module automatically for you. It is important that you do not have secure boot enabled and that you have the kernel headers installed if you want Coder to install shiftfs on your behalf.

GPUs are not supported with cached CVMs at this time.

Self-contained workspace builds

By default, Coder initializes workspaces by running commands inside the container. Workspaces, however, control the initialization sequence instead when you enable self-contained workspace builds. This enables cluster operations that restrict command execution inside containers using the Kubernetes API, such as the kubectl exec command.

Workspace process logging

Workspace process logging enables auditing of commands executed inside the workspace container.

TUN device

Coder allows the creation of custom network interfaces using the Linux TUN device. When using the Enable TUN device setting, Coder workspaces will have a /dev/net/tun device mounted into the workspace at build time. VPN usage often requires a TUN device.

Users may need root (or sudo) access within their workspace to use the TUN device and start a VPN client.

At this time, Coder does not support TUN devices for non-Kubernetes workspace types, such as EC2 or Docker.

If you're working with EC2 workspaces, we recommend enabling privileged mode in the workspace provider settings, which will allow users to create their own TUN device.

We've tested this feature using the Tailscale VPN within Coder. Remember that you may have to change your VPN settings to keep any persistent files (such as configuration/identity) files in your home volume, as any data outside the home volume is cleared when the workspace is rebuilt.

FUSE device

Coder allows the creation of custom filesystems using the Linux FUSE userspace filesystem device. By enabling the Enable FUSE device setting, Coder workspaces will have a /dev/fuse device mounted into the workspace at build time. These devices are often used to mount specialized filesystems, such as Google Cloud Storage buckets, to your workspace.

Users may need root (or sudo) access within their workspace to use the FUSE device and start a FUSE filesystem.

At this time, Coder does not support FUSE devices for non-Kubernetes workspace types, such as EC2 or Docker.

If you're working with EC2 workspaces, we recommend enabling privileged mode in the workspace provider settings, which will allow users to create their own FUSE device.

For example, you can mount a directory from a remote SSH server using sshfs:

mkdir /tmp/mnt
sshfs [email protected]:/ /tmp/mnt

Then, in a second terminal, run ls /tmp/mnt to list the files from the remote host. You should also be able to see a fuse.sshfs entry in the output from the mount command.

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