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Configuration

Configuration

Coder server's primary configuration is done via environment variables. For a full list of the options, run coder server --help or see our CLI documentation.

Access URL

CODER_ACCESS_URL is required if you are not using the tunnel. Set this to the external URL that users and workspaces use to connect to Coder (e.g. https://coder.example.com). This should not be localhost.

Access URL should be an external IP address or domain with DNS records pointing to Coder.

Tunnel

If an access URL is not specified, Coder will create a publicly accessible URL to reverse proxy your deployment for simple setup.

Address

You can change which port(s) Coder listens on.

# Listen on port 80
export CODER_HTTP_ADDRESS=0.0.0.0:80

# Enable TLS and listen on port 443)
export CODER_TLS_ENABLE=true
export CODER_TLS_ADDRESS=0.0.0.0:443

## Redirect from HTTP to HTTPS
export CODER_REDIRECT_TO_ACCESS_URL=true

# Start the Coder server
coder server

Wildcard access URL

CODER_WILDCARD_ACCESS_URL is necessary for port forwarding via the dashboard or running coder_apps on an absolute path. Set this to a wildcard subdomain that resolves to Coder (e.g. *.coder.example.com).

If you are providing TLS certificates directly to the Coder server, either

  1. Use a single certificate and key for both the root and wildcard domains.
  2. Configure multiple certificates and keys via coder.tls.secretNames in the Helm Chart, or --tls-cert-file and --tls-key-file command line options (these both take a comma separated list of files; list certificates and their respective keys in the same order).

TLS & Reverse Proxy

The Coder server can directly use TLS certificates with CODER_TLS_ENABLE and accompanying configuration flags. However, Coder can also run behind a reverse-proxy to terminate TLS certificates from LetsEncrypt, for example.

Kubernetes TLS configuration

Below are the steps to configure Coder to terminate TLS when running on Kubernetes. You must have the certificate .key and .crt files in your working directory prior to step 1.

  1. Create the TLS secret in your Kubernetes cluster
kubectl create secret tls coder-tls -n <coder-namespace> --key="tls.key" --cert="tls.crt"

You can use a single certificate for the both the access URL and wildcard access URL. The certificate CN must match the wildcard domain, such as *.example.coder.com.

  1. Reference the TLS secret in your Coder Helm chart values
coder:
  tls:
    secretName:
      - coder-tls

  # Alternatively, if you use an Ingress controller to terminate TLS,
  # set the following values:
  ingress:
    enable: true
    secretName: coder-tls
    wildcardSecretName: coder-tls

PostgreSQL Database

Coder uses a PostgreSQL database to store users, workspace metadata, and other deployment information. Use CODER_PG_CONNECTION_URL to set the database that Coder connects to. If unset, PostgreSQL binaries will be downloaded from Maven (https://repo1.maven.org/maven2) and store all data in the config root.

Postgres 13 is the minimum supported version.

If you are using the built-in PostgreSQL deployment and need to use psql (aka the PostgreSQL interactive terminal), output the connection URL with the following command:

coder server postgres-builtin-url
psql "postgres://coder@localhost:49627/coder?sslmode=disable&password=feU...yI1"

Migrating from the built-in database to an external database

To migrate from the built-in database to an external database, follow these steps:

  1. Stop your Coder deployment.
  2. Run coder server postgres-builtin-serve in a background terminal.
  3. Run coder server postgres-builtin-url and copy its output command.
  4. Run pg_dump <built-in-connection-string> > coder.sql to dump the internal database to a file.
  5. Restore that content to an external database with psql <external-connection-string> < coder.sql.
  6. Start your Coder deployment with CODER_PG_CONNECTION_URL=<external-connection-string>.

System packages

If you've installed Coder via a system package Coder, you can configure the server by setting the following variables in /etc/coder.d/coder.env:

# String. Specifies the external URL (HTTP/S) to access Coder.
CODER_ACCESS_URL=https://coder.example.com

# String. Address to serve the API and dashboard.
CODER_HTTP_ADDRESS=0.0.0.0:3000

# String. The URL of a PostgreSQL database to connect to. If empty, PostgreSQL binaries
# will be downloaded from Maven (https://repo1.maven.org/maven2) and store all
# data in the config root. Access the built-in database with "coder server postgres-builtin-url".
CODER_PG_CONNECTION_URL=

# Boolean. Specifies if TLS will be enabled.
CODER_TLS_ENABLE=

# If CODER_TLS_ENABLE=true, also set:
CODER_TLS_ADDRESS=0.0.0.0:3443

# String. Specifies the path to the certificate for TLS. It requires a PEM-encoded file.
# To configure the listener to use a CA certificate, concatenate the primary
# certificate and the CA certificate together. The primary certificate should
# appear first in the combined file.
CODER_TLS_CERT_FILE=

# String. Specifies the path to the private key for the certificate. It requires a
# PEM-encoded file.
CODER_TLS_KEY_FILE=

To run Coder as a system service on the host:

# Use systemd to start Coder now and on reboot
sudo systemctl enable --now coder

# View the logs to ensure a successful start
journalctl -u coder.service -b

To restart Coder after applying system changes:

sudo systemctl restart coder

Configuring Coder behind a proxy

To configure Coder behind a corporate proxy, set the environment variables HTTP_PROXY and HTTPS_PROXY. Be sure to restart the server. Lowercase values (e.g. http_proxy) are also respected in this case.

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