Before proceeding, please ensure that you have an OpenShift cluster running K8s 1.19+ (OpenShift 4.7+) and have Helm 3.5+ installed. In addition, you'll need to install the OpenShift CLI (oc) to authenticate to your cluster and create OpenShift resources.

You'll also want to install the latest version of Coder locally in order to log in and manage templates.

Install Coder with OpenShift

1. Authenticate to OpenShift and create a Coder project

Run the following command to login to your OpenShift cluster:

oc login --token=w4r...04s --server=<cluster-url>

Next, you will run the below command to create a project for Coder:

oc new-project coder

2. Configure SecurityContext values

Depending upon your configured Security Context Constraints (SCC), you'll need to modify some or all of the following securityContext values from the default values:

The below values are modified from Coder defaults and allow the Coder deployment to run under the SCC restricted-v2.

Note: readOnlyRootFilesystem: true is not technically required under restricted-v2, but is often mandated in OpenShift environments.

    runAsNonRoot: true # Unchanged from default
    runAsUser: <project-specific UID> # Default: 1000, replace this with the correct UID for your project.
    runAsGroup: <project-specific GID> # Default: 1000, replace this with the correct GID for your project.
    readOnlyRootFilesystem: true # Default: false, this is often required in OpenShift environments.
    seccompProfile: RuntimeDefault # Unchanged from default
  • For runAsUser / runAsGroup, you can retrieve the correct values for project UID and project GID with the following command:

    oc get project coder -o json | jq -r '.metadata.annotations'
      "openshift.io/sa.scc.supplemental-groups": "1000680000/10000",
      "openshift.io/sa.scc.uid-range": "1000680000/10000"

    Alternatively, you can set these values to null to allow OpenShift to automatically select the correct value for the project.

  • For readOnlyRootFilesystem, consult the SCC under which Coder needs to run. In the below example, the restricted-v2 SCC does not require a read-only root filesystem, while restricted-custom does:

    oc get scc -o wide
    NAME               PRIV    CAPS                   SELINUX     RUNASUSER          FSGROUP     SUPGROUP    PRIORITY     READONLYROOTFS   VOLUMES
    restricted-custom   false   ["NET_BIND_SERVICE"]   MustRunAs   MustRunAsRange     MustRunAs   RunAsAny    <no value>   true             ["configMap","downwardAPI","emptyDir","ephemeral","persistentVolumeClaim","projected","secret"]
    restricted-v2       false   ["NET_BIND_SERVICE"]   MustRunAs   MustRunAsRange     MustRunAs   RunAsAny    <no value>   false            ["configMap","downwardAPI","emptyDir","ephemeral","persistentVolumeClaim","projected","secret"]

    If you are unsure, we recommend setting readOnlyRootFilesystem to true in an OpenShift environment.

  • For seccompProfile: in some environments, you may need to set this to null to allow OpenShift to pick its preferred value.

3. Configure the Coder service, connection URLs, and cache values

To establish a connection to PostgreSQL, set the CODER_PG_CONNECTION_URL value. See our Helm documentation on configuring the PostgreSQL connection URL as a secret. Additionally, if accessing Coder over a hostname, set the CODER_ACCESS_URL value.

By default, Coder creates the cache directory in /home/coder/.cache. Given the OpenShift-provided UID and readOnlyRootFS security context constraint, the Coder container does not have permission to write to this directory.

To fix this, you can mount a temporary volume in the pod and set the CODER_CACHE_DIRECTORY environment variable to that location. In the below example, we mount this under /tmp and set the cache location to /tmp/coder. This enables Coder to run with readOnlyRootFilesystem: true.

Note: Depending on the number of templates and provisioners you use, you may need to increase the size of the volume, as the coder pod will be automatically restarted when this volume fills up.

Additionally, create the Coder service as a ClusterIP. In the next step, you will create an OpenShift route that points to the service HTTP target port.

    type: ClusterIP
      value: /tmp/coder
          key: url
          name: coder-db-url
    - name: CODER_ACCESS_URL
      value: "https://coder-example.apps.openshiftapps.com"
    runAsNonRoot: true
    runAsUser: <project-specific UID>
    runAsGroup: <project-specific GID>
    readOnlyRootFilesystem: true
    - name: "cache"
        sizeLimit: 1Gi
    - name: "cache"
      mountPath: "/tmp"
      readOnly: false

Note: OpenShift provides a Developer Catalog offering you can use to install PostgreSQL into your cluster.

4. Create the OpenShift route

Below is the YAML spec for creating an OpenShift route that sends traffic to the HTTP port of the Coder service:

kind: Route
apiVersion: route.openshift.io/v1
  namespace: coder
  host: https://coder-example.apps.openshiftapps.com
    kind: Service
    name: coder
    # if set to edge, OpenShift will terminate TLS prior to the traffic reaching
    # the service.
    termination: edge
    # if set to Redirect, insecure client connections are redirected to the secure
    # port
    insecureEdgeTerminationPolicy: Redirect
    targetPort: http

Once complete, you can create this route in OpenShift via:

oc apply -f route.yaml

5. Install Coder

You can now install Coder using the values you've set from the above steps. To do so, run the series of helm commands below:

helm repo add coder-v2 https://helm.coder.com/v2
helm repo update
helm install coder coder-v2/coder \
  --namespace coder \
  --values values.yaml

Note: If the Helm installation fails with a Kubernetes RBAC error, check the permissions of your OpenShift user using the oc auth can-i command.

The below permissions are the minimum required:

oc auth can-i --list
Resources                                          Non-Resource URLs   Resource Names    Verbs
selfsubjectaccessreviews.authorization.k8s.io      []                  []                [create]
selfsubjectrulesreviews.authorization.k8s.io       []                  []                [create]
*                                                  []                  []                [get list watch create update patch delete deletecollection]
*.apps                                             []                  []                [get list watch create update patch delete deletecollection]
*.rbac.authorization.k8s.io                        []                  []                [get list watch create update patch delete deletecollection]
                                                   [/.well-known/*]    []                [get]
                                                   [/.well-known]      []                [get]
                                                   [/api/*]            []                [get]
                                                   [/api]              []                [get]
                                                   [/apis/*]           []                [get]
                                                   [/apis]             []                [get]
                                                   [/healthz]          []                [get]
                                                   [/healthz]          []                [get]
                                                   [/livez]            []                [get]
                                                   [/livez]            []                [get]
                                                   [/openapi/*]        []                [get]
                                                   [/openapi]          []                [get]
                                                   [/readyz]           []                [get]
                                                   [/readyz]           []                [get]
                                                   [/version/]         []                [get]
                                                   [/version/]         []                [get]
                                                   [/version]          []                [get]
                                                   [/version]          []                [get]
securitycontextconstraints.security.openshift.io   []                  [restricted-v2]   [use]

6. Create an OpenShift-compatible image

While the deployment is spinning up, we will need to create some images that are compatible with OpenShift. These images can then be run without modifying the Security Context Constraints (SCCs) in OpenShift.

  1. Determine the UID range for the project:

    oc get project coder -o json | jq -r '.metadata.annotations'
      "openshift.io/description": "",
      "openshift.io/display-name": "coder",
      "openshift.io/requester": "kube:admin",
      "openshift.io/sa.scc.mcs": "s0:c26,c15",
      "openshift.io/sa.scc.supplemental-groups": "1000680000/10000",
      "openshift.io/sa.scc.uid-range": "1000680000/10000"

    Note the uid-range and supplemental-groups. In this case, the project coder has been allocated 10,000 UIDs and GIDs, both starting at 1000680000.

    In this example, we will pick both UID and GID 1000680000.

  2. Create a BuildConfig referencing the source image you want to customize. This will automatically kick off a Build that will remain pending until step 3.

    For more information, please consult the OpenShift Documentation.

    oc create -f - <<EOF
    kind: BuildConfig
    apiVersion: build.openshift.io/v1
      name: enterprise-base
      namespace: coder
          kind: ImageStreamTag
          name: 'enterprise-base:latest'
        type: Docker
          imageOptimizationPolicy: SkipLayers
        type: Dockerfile
        dockerfile: |
          # Specify the source image.
          FROM docker.io/codercom/enterprise-base:ubuntu
          # Switch to root
          USER root
          # As root:
          # 1) Remove the original coder user with UID 1000
          # 2) Add a coder group with an allowed UID
          # 3) Add a coder user as a member of the above group
          # 4) Fix ownership on the user's home directory
          RUN userdel coder && \
              groupadd coder -g 1000680000 && \
              useradd -l -u 1000680000 coder -g 1000680000 && \
              chown -R coder:coder /home/coder
          # Go back to the user 'coder'
          USER coder
        - type: ConfigChange
      runPolicy: Serial
  3. Create an ImageStream as a target for the previous step:

    oc create imagestream enterprise-base

    The Build created in the previous step should now begin. Once completed, you should see output similar to the following:

    oc get imagestreamtag
    NAME                     IMAGE REFERENCE                                                                                                                                    UPDATED
    enterprise-base:latest   image-registry.openshift-image-registry.svc:5000/coder/enterprise-base@sha256:1dbbe4ee11be9218e1e4741264135a4f57501fe592d94d20db6bfe11692accd1   55 minutes ago

7. Create an OpenShift-compatible template

Start from the default "Kubernetes" template:

echo kubernetes | coderv2 templates init ./openshift-k8s
cd ./openshift-k8s

Edit main.tf and update the following fields of the Kubernetes pod resource:

  • spec.security_context: remove this field.
  • spec.container.image: update this field to the newly built image hosted on the OpenShift image registry from the previous step.
  • spec.container.security_context: remove this field.

Finally, create the template:

coder template push kubernetes -d .

This template should be ready to use straight away.

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